- Although this article is primarily aimed at university students writing proposals for scholarship applications – many of these principles and techniques are applicable to other types of proposals, as well.
- If you missed Part 1 – I suggest you go back and read that first.
In my last post we talked about the outline for the typical scholarship proposal:
- Pitch Paragraph
- Literature Review Paragraph
- Methodology Paragraph(s)
- Research Outcomes and Significance Paragraph(s)
Note – although this article is primarily aimed at university students writing proposals for scholarship applications – many of these principles and techniques are applicable to other types of proposals, as well.
If you’re a graduate student, or thinking of becoming one, then you’ve probably faced this challenge at least once. Common problems include not knowing where to start or what to write about, how much detail to include and how to fit everything in to the limited space allotted (which is typically only 1 to 2 pages). Like any other technical writing challenge, it pays to have a plan and it’s important to write in coherent units (known as ‘paragraphs’). Here’s some advice to help you tackle this important challenge effectively. Read the rest of this entry »
(Note – you might also want to check out my related post of tips for preparing your resume.)
I often get asked to provide advice and feedback for engineering students (BSc, MSc and PhD) applying for jobs and though the application contents can vary widely, especially between industry and academia, one thing that all employers have in common is the requirement for a cover letter. It’s probably the most important part of the application package, yet it seems to be the part most people do poorly. In this post, I’ll try to help you out by presenting some of the tips I generally suggest to my own students based on: a) what I’ve learned from others, b) what has worked for me when I’ve applied for jobs, and c) what I like to see when I am looking to hire someone. Read the rest of this entry »
Note – if you haven’t done so already, I suggest you go back and read the posts covering Steps 1, 2 and 3 of the literature review: finding stuff, organizing and screening, and normalizing. Then you’ll be ready to hear about Step 4 – writing. Read the rest of this entry »
Note – if you haven’t read them already, I suggest you go back and read the last two posts covering Steps 1 and 2 of the literature review: finding stuff and organizing and screening. Then you’ll be ready to hear about Step 3 – normalizing. Read the rest of this entry »
Note – if you haven’t read it already, I suggest you go back and read last week’s post describing Step 1 in the process: “Finding Stuff”. Step 2 (this post) involves organizing and screening your information. The method I’m going to describe to you was taught to me by my own PhD supervisor many years ago – I still recommend it to all of my students, though with a few modernizations included to take advantage of technologies that weren’t around when I was a student. Read the rest of this entry »
There’s nothing more embarrassing that writing an entire report on a topic, then finding out that someone has already done it all. Multiply that sentiment by a factor of about a thousand if you’re writing a Master’s thesis – start a new project from scratch if this happens during your PhD. Whatever you’re writing or researching – the first step is always to conduct a thorough literature review. For a Master’s thesis you might get away with knowing just some of the relevant literature – depending upon your university’s academic requirements – but for a PhD you have to find absolutely everything and that’s a huge job. How do you tackle it? Well, like everything else we’ve been talking about in this blog – I suggest you go about it methodically and that means having a plan. There are four key steps in the typical Literature Review: 1) finding stuff, 2) organizing and screening, 3) normalizing and 4) writing. Today we’ll deal with the first step… Read the rest of this entry »